ASP.NET is a web application development framework from Microsoft to create robust, dynamic, rich web pages. It is a server-side technology built on Common Language Runtime (CLR) to host powerful websites on any Windows server. CLR is a major component that performs a process known as just-in-time compilation that converts source codes into intermediate language code which the CPU then executes. Visual Studio is an integrated development environment that provides a complete set of development tools for writing, compiling, and debugging the codes used to build ASP.NET web applications.
Web Forms, ASP.NET MVC, and ASP.NET Web Pages are the three frameworks that ASP.NET offers. Web Forms are used for building dynamic websites using a rich library of controls that allows for rapid building of dynamic data driven websites. MVC employs a powerful, pattern based model providing full control over markup for creating sophisticated web applications. ASP.NET Web Pages and Razor syntax is a lightweight framework providing facility to create fast HTML pages with dynamic web content.
The significant contributions to the web are due to the server side ASP.NET development.
Here we list the top reasons why ASP.NET development is important:
Easier to build large applications
ASP.NET provides the developers freedom to develop large applications with a drastic reduction in the amount of code. ADO.NET feature disconnects access to database, so connections are not maintained for long durations, thus improving performance and scalability of the web applications.
Safe and Secured applications
With ASP.NET built in Windows authentication feature, it is easier to maintain security of applications. Web-based script runs in Sandbox thus it is prevented from accessing local resources. Security is handled separately by the CLR using either the default security settings or the ones configured by the system administrator. Applications are much safer with per-application configuration and built-in Windows authentication.
ASP.NET provides early binding and just-in-time compilation that provides better performance with native optimization and caching services. It employs a smart client application model that can run without any interaction with the network and the server, or fetch data from server only when needed. This results in a more dynamic user experience and a more efficient use of the client server infrastructure.
Simplified execution of tasks
ASP.NET provides simplified execution of tasks such as Form submission, Client authentication, etc. It provides a set of controls and infrastructure that makes building Web applications simple. ASP.NET powers native mobile apps as well as mobile websites with its responsive design frameworks like Twitter Bootstrap and JSON-based Web API. It also enables performing the deployment and configuration of websites easily.
Powerful IDE for development
Microsoft Visual Studio Integrated Development Environment (IDE) provides rich toolbox that allows developers and designers WYSIWYG(What-You-See-Is-What-You-Get) editing, drag and drop server controls, rich class library, and the like. IDE tools work together seamlessly for creating websites and web services based on ASP.NET. Visual Studio IDE can be personalized in various ways to support your development style and requirements.
Developers are provided the freedom of choosing the language that best applies the application logic. It is possible to partition the application across multiple languages. Classes and objects in ASP.NET can be accessed without having to know the language in which the web application was originally written.
With the built-in configuration information, there is no need to register components as it makes deploying ASP.NET applications easier. Most deployment tasks are automated using the Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS), which is an extension web server created by Microsoft.
ASP.NET provides the right platform for building enterprise class websites and are accessible globally with efficient information management. By considering its various advantages there is no doubt that ASP.NET is the right platform for your web application development project.