ASP.NET Core 3.0 will come with some changes in the way projects work with frameworks. The .NET Core integration will be tighter and will bring third-party open source integration.
Changes to shared frameworks in ASP.NET Core 3.0
In ASP.NET Core 1.0, packages were referenced as just packages. From ASP.NET Core 2.1 this was available as a .NET Core shared framework. ASP.NET Core 3.0 aims to reduce issues working with a shared framework. This change removes some of the Json.NET (Newtonsoft.Json) and Entity Framework Core (Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.*) components from the shared framework ASP.NET Core 3.0.
For areas in ASP.NET Core dependent on Json.NET, there will be packages that support the integration. The default areas will be updated to use in-box JSON APIs. Also, Entity Framework Core will be shipped as “pure” NuGet packages.
Shift to .NET Core from .NET Framework
The .NET Framework will get fewer new features that come to .NET Core in further releases. This change is made so that existing applications in .NET Core don’t break due to some changes. To leverage the features from .NET Core, ASP.NET Core will now only run on .NET Core starting from version 3.0.
Developers currently using ASP.NET Core on .NET Framework can continue to do so till the LTS support period of August 21, 2021.
Third party components will be filtered
Third party components will be removed. But Microsoft will support the open source community with integration APIs, contributions to existing libraries by Microsoft engineers, and project templates to ensure smooth integration of these components.
Work is also being done on streamlining the experience for building HTTP APIs, and a new API client generation system.
Packages vs. Frameworks
For historical context, the way projects reference and run on ASP.NET Core has changed through the versions and years. In 1.0, ASP.NET Core itself was “just packages”, and appeared in projects like any other NuGet package reference. This had benefits and drawbacks, and over time they’ve evolved this model to try and balance the advantages of modular references with those of larger, prerequisite frameworks. In 2.1, ASP.NET Core eventually evolved to be available as a .NET Core “shared framework” (like the base of .NET Core itself, Microsoft.NETCore.App, has been since 1.0). This blog post by ASP.NET Core team member Nate McMaster does a good job of explaining how the shared framework works while also highlighting some of the issues with the current approach.
As part of this change, some notable sub-components will be removed from the ASP.NET Core shared framework in 3.0:
- Json.NET (Newtonsoft.Json)
- Entity Framework Core (Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.*)
For places in ASP.NET Core that rely on Json.NET features today (e.g. the JSON formatter in MVC), they’ll continue to ship packages that provide that integration moving forward, however the default experiences will change to use the upcoming in-box JSON APIs.
Entity Framework Core will ship as “pure” NuGet packages in 3.0. This makes its shipping model the same as all other data access libraries on .NET, and allows it the simplest path to continue innovation while providing support for all the various .NET platforms customers enjoy it on today. Note, Entity Framework Core moving out of the shared framework has no impact on its status as a Microsoft developed, supported, and serviceable library, and it will continue to be covered by the .NET Core support policy.
Fully leveraging .NET Core
As announced on the .NET Blog earlier this month, .NET Framework will get fewer of the newer platform and language features that come to .NET Core moving forward, due to the in-place update nature of .NET Framework and the desire to limit changes there that might break existing applications. To ensure ASP.NET Core can fully leverage the improvements coming to .NET Core moving forward, ASP.NET Core will only run on .NET Core starting from 3.0. Moving forward, you can simply think of ASP.NET Core as being part of .NET Core.
Customers utilizing ASP.NET Core on .NET Framework today can continue to do so in a fully supported fashion using the 2.1 LTS release. Support and services for 2.1 will continue until at least August 21, 2021 (3 years after its declaration as an LTS release) in accordance with the .NET Core support policy.
Stay tuned for more updates as we continue working on ASP.NET Core in .NET Core 3.0, including a summary of the new features they’re working to enable as part of this release.
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